U.S. Defense Threat Reduction Agency is creating a tool to bore through the earth to reach underground facilities. The Massive Ordinance Penetrator (MOP) can bore through up to 60 feet of concrete (depending on the type). But it is rumored that Iran is developing an ultra-hard concrete, challenging the Pentagon to develope a stronger tool.
The BLU-122 (replacing the 1991 Gulf War's BLU-113) could bust through about 30 feet of concrete.
Using some German engineering, these tools are able to detect voids and soil densities. Additionally, the Strategic Technology Office of DARPA is investing in sensor technologies “that find, characterize and identify facility function, pace of activity, and activities in conjunction with their pre and post attack status.”
Power and Alliances As surveillance technology becomes smaller and cheaper, large corporations are gaining more control over space. Presence in space has long been equivalent with power on Earth because it increases control over political, economic, and military landscapes. In the YB LE DN system, the Nation-State and its boundaries will no longer be prevalent, it is the PMC (private military company) in control of advanced technologies that will have power.
satellite constellation: When 2 or more organizations partner across borders in order to allow for constant monitoring of a certain region as their satellites orbit the earth.
Turkey New satellite technologies could be “especially meaningful for a country like Turkey which has a large area for natural resources monitoring and development, as well as a sensitive geopolitical position which makes it important to observe the region for security and defense.” – from the article The Place of Small Satellites In Fulfilling The Earth Observation Requirements of a Developing Country
DARPA’s Transparent Earth initiative The Pentagon is investing $4 million into the creation of real-time, 3-D maps that display “the physical, chemical and dynamic properties of the earth down to 5 kilometer depth.” Detecting sub-surface activities would allow for early responses to dramatic natural disasters, but also targeting enemies in UGF’s (underground facilities). Depending on who gets their hands on the technology, this greater transparency could also amount to stealing natural resources . Check it out on WIRED.
Image from Danger Room
Total transparency will be the result of all these systems (synthetic aperture radar, optical, video, acoustic sensors, moving target indicators) forming a network (or constellation) to provide real-time information on military operations, hidden agencies, geographic substrates, climate, etc.
DARPA wants to use these technologies in addition to crowdsourcing to enhance the knowledge of the system. But, they also feel crowdsourcing would provide validation – drawing on as many sources as possible provides “validation in environments that may be partially compromised by adversaries.”