Code 46 (2003)
1984 (1984) – novel by George Orwell (1949):
The outside may exist only as an idea and not in reality in order to maintain tension and structure on the inside.
Surrogates: Inside is where only surrogates/avatars inhabit the city, and people stay at home, plugged. Outside are reservations where only real people inhabit the streets. The reservations are controlled at the entry points.

Opportunistic Interpretations of the City:
Terrorism How do terrorist organization readjust and finds new margins to the systems of control? It would be interesting to compare how terrorists organize the city and how a military reinterprets it (judging by the Weizman article, it seems that smart armies, like the Israeli one, are using the same tactics as smart terrorists, like the Hamas, do. They do not abide by the logic of walls and alleyways, but rather dig caves and “walk through walls” and often use traditional architecture to their activities). Hurt Locker, Body of Lies, Lethal Theory (Eyal Weizman)
Military Bases
Homeless People

//Oil Rocks// “The government has striven to attract foreign investment into Oil Rocks, resulting in several new additions being grafted onto the existing structure.” – impromptu growing city.
“the architectural remains of the extraction industry are being gradually recolonized by the region’s wildlife.”

Static vs. Nomadic Maybe the nomadic is the system and not the primitive or whatever outside we were imagining, and the static is the antiquated tradition-oriented logic. This goes along with the logic of electronics today, where devices become obsolete very shortly after they are mass distributed. So maybe archticture assumes that model and constantly changes and upgrades and becomes obsolete, and modern man must migrate all the time and move around. This might turn our project into a migrating city model, a-la-archigram, but hey, why not reexplore those ideas with this new approach, still in keeping with everything we discussed today as far as interaction between the two societies.

Istanbul in the Middle: Research the history of Istanbul as a city that has, throughout its history, been defined both spatially and ideologically between dichotomies.
Some initial dichotomies include:
West vs. East
Europe vs. Middle-East
Christianity vs. Islam
Progress vs. Tradition

Technological Singularity:
**http://www-rohan.sdsu.edu/faculty/vinge/misc/singularity.html** by Vernon Vinge (Rainbows End), 1993
“is a point where our models must be discarded and a new reality rules.”
About transhuman devices: “Imagine yourself confined to your house with only limited data access to the outside, to your masters. If those masters thought at a rate — say — one million times slower than you, there is little doubt that over a period of years (your time) you could come up with “helpful advice” that would incidentally set you free.”

computer– controlled orthotic devices for paraplegic individuals result in a growing perception that primary disabilities do not necessarily impart handicaps. – http://www.kurzweilai.net/meme/frame.html?main=/articles/art0274.html

  • human’s physical becomes less important as technology makes up for our physical deficiencies while simultaneously creating a strong dependency and homogenization – how much technology can we absorb while still remaining human?

Parametric Urbanism:
If cities and their production and reproduction become automated, what will be the basis by which they are coded? Will the system be based on the concept of network, swarm, or something else? WIll this be something initiated by humans, or by a benevolent AI that could help us interface with this technology? Who will control it and how? Where are the opportunities where it can be hacked or subverted?

Transcient Settlement:
Reed Islands of Lake Titicaca: These artificial floating islands are made by inhabitants of the lake, belonging to both and neither Bolivia and Peru. They make them out of the reeds in the lake and have to keep adding more layers of reeds every couple of weeks to sustain the flat ground and avoid diseases. Every 20 years or so, therefore, the island’s floor gets too high and the island is abandoned for a new one.

Librareome (Rainbows End, p166): “The Huertas Collection will contain almost all human knowledge up to about twenty years ago. Huertas International has a six-month monopoly on the Librareome they’re creating. That’s six months with sole access to real insight on the past. There are dozens of questions that such a resource might resolve. And Huertas will have exclusive rights to this oracle for six months.

Lifespans of Cemeteries: “Graves have always been shared or reused. New bodies are added to the grave and nature has its way. Previously that process would take from eight to 10 years – but now in around one third of graves in Germany, it is taking longer, and bodies which were buried 30 or 40 years ago are still not decomposed. Some suggested that the problem is down to the human diet, with people consuming so many preservatives that their bodies may not be decaying as before. Others believe that earth-born bacteria needed in the decomposition process are being wiped out by pollution or pesticides. see full article here. and speaking of graves…(no pun intended).

Inhabiting the Virtual Environment/Parallel World:
What is at the intersection of the real and virtual? How can the virtual be inhabited? Will the “real” be camouflaged? How do people move between these environments (if they do)?
The Island (2005)
The Surrogates (2009)

Simulated Environment
The scale model on a Chinese Military base of a region in India may only operate visually. The info and downloads for GoogleEarth are here.
Below are examples of other scaled (simulated) landscape models used by the USACE. These simulated environments not only scale landscape but also scale time and movement. I studied this last semester and can share much more information if desired. – le
Arkansas River Model, San Francisco Bay Model, Outdoor Stream Lab

The Lockheed Plant is a very literal example of camouflage for military purposes. The USACE wanted to disguise the plant because it was manufacturing WWII military planes, and they did so by covering the factory and surrounding area with a false landscape (including homes and plantings) to match the real landscape. Incredible…

Movement Within and Between the Systems
New Topography/New density

Lethal Theory (Eyal Weizman) – “walk through walls” idea noted above

A Scanner Darkley (2006) the first 24 minutes are here
Lives of Others (2006) – For every person being monitored, you need a person who can do the monitoring. Calls into question the physical limits of total society surveillance.

Operational mode is uncertainty.
Two forms of inhabitation: Entropy, participatory (the measure of a system’s tendency towards spontaneous change. For isolated systems, entropy never decreases. It is the measure of disorder; higher entropy, higher disorder); Nomadic, passive. System responds and transforms either way.
Two types of growth: Rhizome (horizontal and trans-species connections, multiple and non-hierarchical); Arborescent (vertical and linear connections)
Two modes of operation in relation to variability and viability:
Level 1: Dwelling – a proactive function
Level 2: Reactive growth
Chemical inputs (cumulative algorithms) and electronic inputs (subjective proposals to be “voted” upon)
Everyone inside is a citizen, submitting to the influence of the chemical stimuli of the multitude(global proletariat, absolute democracy, Hardt and Negri). Political biochemistry.
Free to enter and exit. Free to chose level of influence.
Nanoreceptors are inhaled like pollen and get readings from hormones and other indicators of wellbeing. They serve to inform the system of ambient stress levels.


Roche – Neighborhood Protocols

Mapping the City
Manuel de Landa: “Before we can generate buildings themselves, we must model the decision-making processes that give rise to them.”
Variable Agency: Is it possible to re-map the city for the level of that produced its conditions? Would this filter help people decide whether they wish to inhabit a given place or not?
Geographies of the Mind: Grid cells that act like a spatial map in the brain have been identified for the first time in humans.

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